By Curtis N. Johnson (auth.)
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Additional info for Aristotle’s Theory of the State
Schiitrumpf (1980), p. , Mansion (1945), p. 106, Theiler (1965), p. , on Aristotle's teleology generally - see Sorabji (1980). For discussions of Aristotle's assumptions about nature, see Hintikka (1967), pp. 11-25, A. Mansion (1912), who discusses 'nature' in the Physics, and F. Woodbridge (1940), for 'nature' in the psychological works. e. Guthrie (1969, vol. 3), and G. Kerferd (1981), Ch. 10. e. that standards of beauty and the like are not permanent but only temporary resting places of human agreement.
It will at first appear curious that there may be persons for whom the Politics has an interest but not an immediately practical one. IS Yet Aristotle himself provides the warrant for believing that this is the case. First we must recall that for Aristotle all human knowledge or science (episteme) resolved itself into one of three principal types: theoretical, practical and productive. 19 Of particular interest here is the distinction between the first two of these. The theoretical sciences are concerned with things not subject to change, or to things whose principle of change lies within themselves, whereas practical sciences are concerned with variable (or changing) things, but whose principle of change consists in their being acted upon (ta prakta) by man.
Also Moraux (1965), pp. 125-48, for the influence of political practice on theoretical discussion in Aristotle. Aristotle's lawgiver is discussed in Riedel (1975), pp. nff. Aristotle is critical of those thinkers, like Plato, who he believes ignore even natural limits in their speculations about the state. He is emphatic on the point that, while political theory is free and indeed obliged to ignore existing circumstances when constructing the best state, it is not free to ignore the natural constraints in the material used in that construction.
Aristotle’s Theory of the State by Curtis N. Johnson (auth.)