By Stephanie Cronin
In contemporary years sour controversies have erupted throughout Europe and the center East approximately women’s veiling, and particularly their donning of the face-veil or niqab. but the deeper concerns contained inside those controversies – secularism as opposed to spiritual trust, person freedom as opposed to social or kin coercion, id as opposed to integration – should not new yet are strikingly prefigured by means of prior conflicts. This publication examines the state-sponsored anti-veiling campaigns which swept throughout large swathes of the Muslim global within the interwar interval, in particular in Turkey and the Balkans, Iran, Afghanistan and the Soviet republics of the Caucasus and imperative Asia. It indicates how veiling was once formally discouraged and ridiculed as backward and, even though it was once infrequently banned, veiling was once politicized and became a rallying-point for a much broader competition. Asking a couple of questions about this prior anti-veiling discourse and the rules flowing from it, and the reactions which it provoked, the publication illuminates and contextualizes modern debates approximately gender, Islam and modernism.
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Additional resources for Anti-Veiling Campaigns in the Muslim World: Gender, Modernism and the Politics of Dress
It was argued that the modernists’ treacherous embrace of European motifs hostile to Islam was a threat to the entire social order, endangering the moral purity of women and raising the spectre of chaos, of society being riven by fitna or turmoil. By the early twentieth century a modernist gender discourse had taken shape and had immediately evoked a counter-discourse. The two sides often raised similar concerns and sometimes used similar methods of argument, although reaching diametrically opposed conclusions.
Tauris, 1997); and editor of Iranian-Russian Encounters: Empires and Revolutions since 1800 (Routledge, 2012); Subalterns and Social Protest (Routledge, 2007); Reformers and Revolutionaries in Modern Iran (Routledge, 2004); and The Making of Modern Iran (Routledge, 2003). Marianne Kamp is Associate Professor of History at the University of Wyoming. She earned her PhD in Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations from the University of Chicago. Her research concerns twentieth-century social history of Uzbekistan, gender studies of Central Asia, and oral history.
Introduction: coercion or empowerment? 1 It was calculated that only a tiny minority of Muslim women in France wore the face-veil. Yet, for both supporters and opponents of the ban, the issue appeared to raise fundamental existential questions. Supporters of the ban were accused of Islamophobic racism; its opponents of endangering the secular character of the French republic. Polemics about the niqab, furthermore, transcended the usual fault lines of French politics, with support for the ban able to draw on a long tradition of secularism and anti-clericalism on the French Left, the usual first line of defence for immigrant rights.
Anti-Veiling Campaigns in the Muslim World: Gender, Modernism and the Politics of Dress by Stephanie Cronin