By R. Hendrick
This publication is predicated largely on fieldwork that I performed in Brittany and Wales in 1983 and 1985. i'm grateful for a Fulbright Award for learn in Western Europe and a college improvement Award from the college of North Carolina that funded that fieldwork. lowe a much less tangible, yet no much less genuine, debt to Steve Anderson, G. M. Awbery, Steve Harlow and Jim McCloskey whose paintings before everything sparked my curiosity, and led me to adopt this venture. i need to thank Joe Emonds and Alec Marantz who learn parts of bankruptcy three and five. i'm quite thankful although to Kathleen Flanagan, Frank Heny and nameless referees who learn a dyslexic and schizophrenic manuscript, supplying me with criticisms that greater this ultimate model significantly. The Welsh nationalist neighborhood in Aberstwyth and its Breton coun terpart in Quimper helped make the time I spent in Wales and Brittany efficient. i'm indebted to Thomas Davies, Partick Favreau, Lukian Kergoat, Sue Rhys, John Williams and Beatrice between others for sharing their wisdom in their languages with me. Catrin Davies and Martial Menard have been specially sufferer and priceless. with out their information this paintings could were infinitely poorer. i'm hopeful that this booklet can help stimulate extra curiosity within the Celtic languages and tradition, and support, even in a small approach, these in Wales and Brittany who fight to maintain their language and tradition strong.
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Extra resources for Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar
Labouront now PRT work-PRES-3PL they I/You/He/WelYou/They are working now. d. *Me e labouran. *Te e labourez. *En e labour. *Ni e labouromp. *c'hwi e labourit. *Int e labouront. I1You/He/W elY ou/They are working. In (6) and (8a), agreement is present in the verbal forms, but no lexical subject is present. Indeed, when a lexical subject co-occurs with an agreeing verb, the result is ungrammatical as in (7b) and (8c, d). Instead the presence of a lexical subject is grammatical only with the absence of agreement, as can be seen in (7a) and (8b).
20) a. Me i a labour [eL breman. I PRT work-PRES now I work now. b. * Me i a labouran [eL breman. I PRT work-PRES-lSNG now c. Breman e labouran [eL now PRT work-PRES-lSNG 34 CHAPTER 2 A consideration ot two further phenomena leads us to sharpen our treatment of how proper government interacts with agreement and the Avoid Pronoun Principle in examples like (20). The first involves an asymmetry in the behavior of verbal agreement in affirmative and negative sentences. The second concerns an asymmetry between verbal and prepositional agreement in topicalized structures.
The former is associated with phonologically overt (or synthetic) inflection, while the latter occurs as the phonologically null (or analytic) agreement. The distribution of these two AGR element can be attributed to the Avoid Pronoun Principle, which treats the overt inflection as a pronominal to be avoided. Breton is special only in that it inflects prepositions as well as verbs, and makes use of two AGR elements. This analysis denies the claim, advanced in Anderson (1982) and other generative studies, that finite verbs not inflected for person and number lack an AGR element.
Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar by R. Hendrick