By Renzhi Hou
This ebook is set town of Peiping in China, sometimes called Beijing and Peking, and a urban of serious old importance. Divided into 3 components, this paintings explores Peiping first as a frontier urban at a time while the good Wall was once demonstrated, from the Chou dynasty (ca.1122—220 B.C.) until eventually the T’ang Dynasties as much as the Khitan career (A.D. 590—937). the second one half explores Peiping because it turns into a countrywide centre, in the course of the Liao Dynasty and the Chin Dynasty, till 1234, and the 3rd half explores the way it grew to become the capital of the chinese language empire, until eventually 1911. This paintings is a old geography and the creation information topographical positive aspects and geographical family of the town, describing the way the mountains upward push from the obvious developing concave hands to surround Peiping, resulting in the identify, the ‘Bay of Peiping’. We study that the mountains usually succeed in over 3000ft and feature virtually no foot-hills, when the bay itself is full of sediments of gravel, sand, loam and loess that have been deposited in horizontal strata, to a very good intensity. various illustrations and figures are incorporated, and readers will see how the town sits among rivers, the Hun (浑河 or Muddy River) and the Pai (白河 or White River). those chapters demonstrate how every one river has made its contribution to the fabric improvement of town and its environs, together with via irrigation and because the Hun River shifted its path. due to the geography of the sector, just about all roads major from the northern lands of Mongolia and Manchuria to the nice undeniable of North China within the south are sure to converge at Peiping. The old effects of this, in addition to neighborhood weather stipulations and different points of geography are explored during this publication, which lines the ancient upward thrust to eminence of Peiping.
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Additional info for An Historical Geography of Peiping
D. 25 when the throne was usurped by a powerful official. D. D. D. 220), because its capital was shifted eastward to Lo-yang (洛阳), the royal domain of the Later Chou dynasty. Under the absolute power of the centralized government of Ch’in and Han, some important developments in the empire deserve special attention with regard to the status and development of Chi. First of all, there was the abolition of feudalism by Ch’in Shih Huang Ti. Instead of entrusting local administration to the members of the royal family, he created an elaborate bureaucracy under the direct control of the emperor.
Hence, the name Shan-hai Kwan in Chinese means: ‘Pass between the mountain and the sea’. From Shan-hai Kwan a narrow strip of lowland along the sea coast connects the North China Plain with that of Manchuria. These mountain passes are so located that all roads leading from the northern lands of Mongolia and Manchuria to the great plain of North China are bound to converge at Peiping. e. Mukdan) Railway via Tientsin, so leaves Peiping 80 miles to the northwest. 12 The port city of Tientsin, in spite of its spectacular development during the last century, is only a new settlement and has no place in the ancient land communications at all [6, pp.
Here, it might be interesting to quote from the famous political history of China, Tzu Chih T’ung Chien of Ssu-ma Kuang (司马光《资治通鉴》), one more passage concerning the state of Yen and its capital. , it is generally considered to have been based upon reliable source materials. It reads: … More than twenty persons from Chi were made feudal lords in (the state of) Yen, and more than one hundred persons from Chi held noble rank in (the city of) Chi. 12 The victory of Yen mentioned here is exactly the same one as referred to by Han Fei-tzu in the above quotation, and the number of persons from the state of Ch’i who held noble ranks in the city of Chi well indicates the increasing political importance of the capital of a rising power.
An Historical Geography of Peiping by Renzhi Hou