By U. DeYoung

ISBN-10: 0230110533

ISBN-13: 9780230110533

British physicist John Tyndall committed a lot of his occupation to setting up the scientist as a cultural authority. His crusade to loose technological know-how from the restraints of theology triggered a countrywide uproar, and in his well known books and lectures he promoted clinical schooling for all sessions. notwithstanding he was once frequently categorized a materialist, faith performed a wide position in Tyndall’s imaginative and prescient of technology, which drew on Carlyle and Emerson in addition to his mentor Michael Faraday. Tyndall’s rules prompted the advance of recent technological know-how, and in his efforts to create an authoritative position for scientists in society, he performed a pivotal function in Victorian background.

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23 Tyndall’s work on glaciers also sparked the bitterest and most longlasting conflict of his career, through which he gained the opposition of several northern scientists, who grouped themselves together in an informal league of researchers promoting a new physics of energy conservation. 24 J. D. 25 Forbes was supported by many of the North Briton scientists, including most notably P. G. Tait, one of Forbes’s former students; James Prescott Joule; and the renowned William Thomson. 26 Tait in particular loathed Tyndall, both because of these scientific conflicts and because Tait disapproved of Tyndall’s views on theology.

62 Of the fifty-five Friday Evening Discourses that Tyndall delivered over the course of his career, twelve were on radiant heat; other topics included slates, glacier ice, the color and chemical constitution of bodies, sound and sensitive flames, and the nature of force. One of his most popular Discourses was delivered in 1879 on the electric light, which received such acclaim that he repeated the lecture on the following Monday for a combined audience of 1,762 people, his personal record. Tyndall’s Discourses frequently drew audiences over a thousand strong, numbers matched only by Huxley.

This club met once a month from 1864 to 1892, and— as its name implies—it was exclusive and secretive from the first, with only nine members, all of whom were eminent men of science: Tyndall himself; Huxley and Hirst; the chemist Edward Frankland, Tyndall’s friend from Queenwood; Herbert Spencer; the botanist Joseph Hooker; George Busk, a retired naval surgeon and zoologist; Sir John Lubbock, an ethnologist and entomologist as well as an MP; and William Spottiswoode, a mathematician and physicist.

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A Vision of Modern Science: John Tyndall and the Role of the Scientist in Victorian Culture by U. DeYoung


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