By Moshe Gil
This was once the 1st finished heritage of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine throughout the First Muslim interval which was once released in Hebrew in 1983 and provides an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. according to a powerful array of resources together with files from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a history of the political and armed forces occasions of the interval. particular awareness is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. a necessary source for college students and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish heritage, non secular reviews and for an individual drawn to the historical past of the Holy Land.
Professor Gil starts off via reviewing the political and army occasions in Palestine sooner than and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid sessions, within which time Palestine used to be a virtually perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. by contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the standard lifetime of Palestine and its population. He appears on the financial background of Palestine- its agriculture, delivery amenities, exports and structures of taxation- in addition to the non secular prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular recognition is paid to the heritage of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. Professor Gil information their topography, financial actions and spiritual lifestyles; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the function of the main well-known Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.
"A background of Palestine, 634-1099" is predicated on a powerful array of resources. Professor Gil has rigorously learn the greater than 1,000 files of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled via Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This huge research should be learn by way of scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish heritage and non secular reports and by way of somebody attracted to the historical past of the Holy Land.
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Extra info for A History of Palestine, 634-1099
The causes of the Great Jihad It is usually assumed that the religious fervour of the Muslims was the major impetus of the conquests. It is true that initially, Islam was imbued with an ardour of an extreme and uncompromisingly fanatical nature. As I have mentioned, the Muslims viewed their war as a war of the End of Days, the realisation of an apocalyptic vision. The objective onlooker, even if reared in the school of thought which sees a socio-economic motive behind every political and military act, will have to admit that this religious zeal played a very important role.
Lecker,JSAI, 5:1, 1984. Ka'b, and noting that he had a total of fifteen men with him. According to him these were the same Arabs who attacked the Muslims of the Bam1 Quc;la'a and their leader named Sadus. The Banu Quc;la'a were made by the Muslims the target of their attack at Mu'ta, as we shall see below. Even before that, evidently in the summer of628, there were Muslim actions against the BaniiJudham in southern Trans-Jordan (see below); cf. Caetani, II, 79. 22 THE FIRST INCURSIONS [SECS. 27-30) Heraclius (Waqidi evidently refers to the Byzantine army rather than the emperor himself) had moved southward and was encamped in 'Moab, which is the land of the Balqa" with a force of some 100,000 men of the Bahra, Wa'il, Lakhm andJudham tribes, headed by a member of the Bali tribe named Malik b.
Withdrawal was inavoidable. Returning from Mu'ta to Medina, they were greeted by shouts of derision and were accused of desertion. ammad stood by them, stating that they had withdrawn their forces (in order to reorganise their troops) and had not deserted. As we have seen, the battle took place in the neighbourhood of Moab, and there are sources which claim that it was fought in mashiirif al-balqii', or the hills of Moab. 18  The assault on Mu'ta is also described by the Byzantine writer Theophanes.
A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil